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Depreciating Home Office Expenses: Maximizing Tax Benefits for Remote Workers

Depreciating Home Office Expenses

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In today's digital age, more and more employees are working remotely, and many are utilizing home offices to carry out their professional duties. As a result, questions surrounding the tax implications of home office expenses, particularly depreciation, have become increasingly prevalent. This article aims to shed light on the topic of home office depreciation under accountable plans, providing valuable insights for both employees and employers. By understanding the rules and regulations surrounding home office deductions, individuals can maximize their tax benefits while remaining compliant with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

Understanding Accountable Plans and Home Office Depreciation

To comprehend the intricacies of home office depreciation, it's essential first to grasp the concept of accountable plans. According to Section 1.62-2 of the IRS code, accountable plans outline the rules and requirements for reimbursing employees for business expenses. Under accountable plans, reimbursements to employees are not considered income as long as the expenses are substantiated and any excess reimbursements are returned to the employer. This offers a tax-free benefit to employees and allows businesses to deduct these expenses.

However, it is crucial to note that home office depreciation is not typically considered a reimbursable expense under accountable plans. While some individuals may argue otherwise, it is prudent to adopt a practical approach and align with the prevailing understanding. Depreciation is best handled as a separate component of tax planning, as it requires specific substantiation and may not be eligible for reimbursement.

The Ordinary and Necessary Test for Home Office Expenses

When determining whether expenses are eligible for reimbursement or deduction, the IRS employs the "ordinary and necessary" test. An expense must be both ordinary and necessary to be considered for reimbursement or deduction. An ordinary expense is one that is common and accepted in the trade or business, while a necessary expense is helpful and appropriate for conducting business.

For most small business owners, a home office is both ordinary and necessary. It serves as a dedicated space for carrying out essential administrative and management activities, such as billing, bookkeeping, and scheduling appointments. As a result, home office expenses, including depreciation, can qualify for reimbursement or deduction.

Substantiation Requirements for Home Offices

To ensure compliance with IRS regulations, individuals must maintain adequate records and provide supporting documentation for their home office expenses. The burden of proof rests with the taxpayer, meaning they must be able to substantiate the expenses claimed. Keeping detailed records, such as logs, diaries, or electronic accounting software, is essential for accurately documenting expenses.

For home offices, substantiation requirements are less stringent compared to travel, meals, automobiles, gifts, and other listed property. However, it is still crucial to maintain records and provide documentary evidence to support the business connection or purpose of the home office expenses. This evidence can include receipts, canceled checks, invoices, and credit card statements. By meeting substantiation requirements, individuals can confidently claim deductions or seek reimbursement for their home office expenses.

Home Office Depreciation: A Complex Calculation

While home office expenses can be reimbursed or deducted under accountable plans, depreciation is a unique component that requires careful consideration. Depreciation typically applies to tangible assets, such as equipment or vehicles, rather than real property like a home. As a result, depreciating a home office can be challenging, as real property does not typically depreciate unless specific circumstances arise.

Suppose an individual wishes to calculate home office depreciation. In that case, they must determine the value of their home, including the land and structure, and allocate a percentage based on the office's square footage relative to the total square footage of the home. However, it is crucial to note that substantiating depreciation as a legitimate expense can be problematic, as the primary function of a personal residence is not typically business-related.

Moreover, the potential tax benefit of home office depreciation must be weighed against future recapture requirements. When selling the home, any accumulated depreciation must be recaptured, meaning it becomes part of the capital gains calculation and cannot be excluded under the primary residence exclusion. It is crucial to consult with a tax professional to understand the implications of home office depreciation in the context of individual circumstances.

Maximizing Tax Benefits for Home Offices

While home office depreciation may present challenges, there are still various strategies individuals can employ to maximize their tax benefits. By focusing on eligible expenses and adhering to substantiation requirements, employees can effectively claim deductions or seek reimbursement for their home office-related costs.

Here are some key considerations for maximizing tax benefits:

  1. Identify Eligible Expenses: Determine which expenses qualify for reimbursement or deduction, such as mortgage interest, real estate taxes, utilities, and office supplies.

  2. Maintain Accurate Records: Keep detailed records of all home office expenses, including receipts, invoices, and canceled checks. Utilize electronic accounting software or other tools to ensure accurate and organized record-keeping.

  3. Allocate Expenses Fairly: When calculating the percentage of home office expenses, accurately allocate costs based on the square footage of the office space relative to the total square footage of the home.

  4. Stay Informed: Regularly review IRS guidelines and updates related to home office expenses to ensure compliance with current regulations.

  5. Consult a Tax Professional: Seek guidance from a qualified tax professional who specializes in home office deductions and depreciation to navigate complex tax laws and optimize tax benefits.

By following these strategies, individuals can effectively navigate the intricacies of home office deductions and depreciation, ensuring they receive the maximum tax benefits available while remaining compliant with IRS regulations.


As remote work becomes increasingly prevalent, understanding the tax implications of home office expenses, including depreciation, is essential. By familiarizing themselves with accountable plans, substantiation requirements, and the nuances of home office depreciation, employees can maximize their tax benefits while maintaining compliance with IRS regulations. Remember to consult with a tax professional to ensure accurate reporting and to leverage all available tax strategies for home office-related expenses. With proper planning and documentation, individuals can confidently navigate the complexities of home office deductions and depreciation, optimizing their tax savings in the process.


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